The Zone, Nuclear Testing and Beyond
Summary: There has long been bipartisan agreement in the United States that the NPT is central, and that this ‘center’ must hold if we are to prevent more nuclear weapons proliferation or the risk of nuclear weapons being used, something that has thankfully been avoided in the more than 70 years since end of World War II. We have seen disappointments, but also major achievements in the NPT space in recent years, from the New START Treaty that will reduce U.S. and Russian strategic nuclear forces to levels not seen since the 1950s, to the conclusion of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (or JCPOA).
It should be clear that only a strategy of cooperation and consensus, not pressure or coercion, is the pathway to a conference and progress toward a Middle East zone. “Arrangements freely arrived at among the states of the region" is a cardinal principle of the UN Disarmament Commission guidelines for nuclear weapon free zone treaties – of which there are five in existence. It’s not realistic to expect that the Middle East will operate by some other principle.Read more 16 November 2016
CTBT’s Possible Contribution to a Weapons of Mass Destruction Free-Zone in the Middle East in the Past 20 Years
Summary: The Preparatory Commission was established with the mandate to carry out the necessary preparations for the effective implementation of the CTBT. This includes building the Treaty’s verification regime and putting in place an institutional framework to operate and sustain it.
To date, the International Monitoring System (IMS) has a truly global coverage and is 90% complete. The System has demonstrated its robustness and reliability by detecting and locating the five nuclear tests announced by the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK). The CTBTO provided to Member States raw and reviewed data in a timely manner, well within Treaty deadlines. We can assert today that it is virtually impossible to have nuclear tests that will go undetected by the IMS.
With the 20th anniversary of the opening for signature of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT), it is very timely to mark an important milestone in this global peace and security architecture and our past achievements.Read more 16 November 2016
How the Next NPT Review Conferences looks like?
What is the Impact of MEFZ on NPT future?
Summary: The present stalemate situation and failures of the NPT Review Conferences has and will put the future of the NPT and the non-proliferation regime at large in jeopardy. Drawing on an almost 35 years of experience of working with the NPT, the paper makes a critical review and an impartial diagnosis of the 46 years old NPT. In this paper we try to answer the following important questions:
1- Why Non-nuclear weapon states joined or why not yet have withdrawn?
2- Analyzing the next steps on nuclear disarmament?
3- Proposal for an Immediate Feasible Security Action in the ME?
Today's Six Challenges Before the WMDFZ in the Middle East
Summary: A year has elapsed and little progress occurred towards establishing a nuclear weapon free zone and other weapons of mass destruction in the middle east. The question therefore, is for how long will this stalemate continue, and what are the root causes of/for this delay? We have an annual UNGA consensus resolution on the issue, an agreement in 2010 to hold the conference, yet we cannot advance one step forward. We therefore need to rehash, this present predicament and propose recommendations on the way ahead. But we also need to return to the underlying reasons for this delay.